was introduced to the leaders and I was given political job related with
Jobin Ghazi and was told this will be for a few months. After this I was
recalled to Armoury Factory at Austria. To do my job I was made Captain of
the Army and I was associated with supply of ammunition till the end of
World War I. British had withheld two ships for their own use but
ultimately, gave it over to Turkey. Dr Hafeez viewed that after the war
situation will change”. He tried to go back to ISTANBUL from VIENNA but
did not make it as the Director of Armoury Factory was also changed. He
was again posted as Chief Chemist conditionally that I should not be in
the factory coming Saturday when the government Inspector was due.
the meantime he was married. Two children were born from this wedlock -
Arif who joined the Foreign Service and Hamida married Nasiruddin the
leading Architect of Turkistan. Later he went to Turkey to establish Arms
and Ammunition Factory in the capacity of Chief Chemist during the regime
of Kamal Ataturk. There was some movement in Turkey to disconnect from
Khilafat Movement which was opposed by Anwer Pasha.
was against the Khilafat and as such the Resolution of ‘Irrevocation of
Khilafat’ was approved. Others who supported Khilafat left Turkey but
Anwer Pasha stayed on but when Turkey conceded unnecessary favours to Britain Anwer Pasha left Turkey. Dr Hafeez also left Turkey
and was called by Amir Amanullah Khan in Afghanistan to establish factory
of Arms and Ammunition. Because of Afghanistan’s internal politics he
left for Turkey again. Dr Hafeez ardently believed that deliverance of
Turks was only through Islam and Islamic World.
Dr Hafeez came to Pakistan he met GHULAM Muhammad, then Finance Minister
who invited him to join the Commission for the establishment of Arms
Factory. He accepted the offer but later he was disappointed and resigned.
After leaving the government job he joined Punjab University as Turkish
language teacher. After a while his wife joined him who was suffering from
acute cancer. He then took his wife to Vienna and Munich for treatment. In
this process Dr Hafeez became a pauper. His student Hakim Nayyar Wasti
took him under his treatment - the sickness continued which made him very
weak and he took to quiet life. To clear certain doubts I visited his
of India collected all activities of Dr Hafeez and at the end Director
General CID and termed them as ‘anti-government’ activities. When
first government of Post-Independence was established he wrote to Sardar
Patel but received no response.
RISHTA MEHRUN NISA. Her childhood passed in Vienna. When she grew she was
affected by the revolutionary spirit within her family. She married Dr
Abdul Hafeez, leading politician of Pakistan Movement. I am submitting few
observations about this loyal woman. I had visited Dr Hafeez when he was
sick, there I had the opportunity to meet this lady.
Dr Hafeez was working as Chief Chemist in a Arms Factory at Vienna, he was
also supporting and working for the Islamic Movement. In the meantime,
Aynmar’s father contacted Dr Hafeez, her father who had abandoned the
Church. Mrs Hafeez (Aynmar Rishta Mehrun Nisa) in her childhood was not
allowed to wear ‘skirt,’ brothers did not smoke in front of parents.
Mrs Hafeez said that, our home culture was also ‘eastern’.
Hafeez was very much affected by Dr Hafeez’s health. After World War I
she shifted to Turkey with her husband. She participated all the
activities of her husband. When I asked her about her husband, she said,
that ‘he is great but he is not great in Pakistan, he is great in
Germany, Austria and Turkey’. She felt great inconvenience due to
sickness of Dr Hafeez. He never stayed away from his duties, never
ignoring his responsibilities towards his family. After eight years of
marriage Mrs Hafeez became a Muslim on her own, previously she was a
Christian with the name of Aynmer Rishta - her husband never gave an
impression that he disliked her religion. She was of the opinion that some
principles to be left and to apply some principal in life, she also
believed that woman is more loyal than a man, both in West and in the
East. Husband is the head of the family and she had no hesitation to
accept it. She knew German and English language - German was spoken at
home and English in presence of guests.
in the Pakistan Ordnance Factories in the year 1954, for training in the
manufacture & testing of chemical explosives and allied products.
Received initial training in Ordnance Training Laboratory, Punjab
University Institute of Chemistry, Lahore, followed by practical training
in the Royal Ordnance Factory, Penury, UK later our, Served in various
capacities in the Pakistan Ordnance Factories, Wah Cantt. Wherefrom he
retired as General Manager in the year 1991. During his tenure, he was
instrumental in installation and moderrnisation of ballistic and chemical
laboratories and establishment of modern facilities for testing of
munitions, propellants and explosives. He was the first general secretary
of POF safety committee. He was depended to serve in the Military
Industries of Saudi Arabia for five years where has was entrusted to
establish Chemical Laboratories in the industrial research Centre, Alkhary.
Mohsin authored many technical papers and participated in many seminars.
He holds M.Sc. degree in Chemistry from Punjab University. He widely
travelled in connection with his official duties.