SPECIAL REPORT                                                                                                                                           FROM THE INTERNET

Tunguska
M1

Now-a-days much is made about defence against low level air attacks. From the INTERNET DJ focusses on such a system

Tunguska-M1 is a gun/missile system for low-level air defence. The system was designed by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau in Tula, Russia and is manufactured by the Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant, Ulyanovsk, Russia. It can engage targets while stationary and on the move, using missiles for long-range targets and guns for close-in defence. It is designed for defence against both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters and can also fire on ground targets.

WEAPONS

The Tunguska-M1 vehicle carries eight 9M311-M1 surface-to-air missiles. The missile (NATO designation SA-19 Grison) has semi-automatic radar command to line-of-sight guidance, weighs 40 kg with a 9 kg warhead. It is 2.5 m long with a diameter of 1.7 m and wing span of 2.2 m. The missile’s maximum speed is 900 metres/sec and can engage targets travelling at speeds up to 500 metres/sec. Range is from 15 to 6,000 m for ground targets and 15 to 10,000 m for air targets.

Two twin-barrel 30 mm anti-aircraft guns are mounted on the vehicle. These guns have a maximum firing rate of 5000 rounds per minute and a range of 3000 m against air targets. This extends to 4000 m against ground targets.

SENSORS

The system has target acquisition radar and target tracking radar, optical sight, digital computing system, tilt angle measuring system and navigation equipment. Radar detection range is 18 km and tracking range is 16 km.

VEHICLE

The Tunguska-M1 system is mounted on a 34 ton tracked vehicle with multi-fuel engine. It has hydromechanical transmission, hydropneumatic suspension which allows for changing road clearance and hydraulic track-tensioning. The armoured turret has both laying and stabilisation drives and power supply. Air-conditioning, heating and filtration systems are fitted.

A Tunguska-M1 battery is composed of up to six vehicles and will also include a transloader as well as maintenance and training facilities.

The Tunguska-M1 system is mounted on a 34 ton tracked vehicle with multi-fuel engine. It has hydromechanical transmission, hydropneumatic hydromechanical transmission, hydropneumatic suspension which allows for changing road clearance and hydraulic track-tensioning.

The armoured turret has both laying and stabilisation drives and power supply. Air-conditioning, heating and filtration systems are fitted. A Tunguska-M1 battery is composed of up to six vehicles and will also include a transloader as well as maintenance and training facilities.

TUNGUSKA M1 - SPECIFICATION

Combat vehicle weight: 34 tons
Maximum speed 65 km/hr
Crew 4
Armament missiles and guns
Ammunition load -
9M311M1 missiles 8
30 mm rounds 1904
Guidance system radar/optical
Target detection range 18 km
Target tracking range 16 km
Target altitude -
Missiles 15 - 10,000 m
Guns up to 3,000 m
Range -
Missiles 15 - 6000 m
Guns 300 - 4000 m

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